Bird Vetch, also known as Tufted Vetch, Cow Vetch and Blue Vetch (Vicia Cracca) is a perennial viney forb in the Pea Family (Fabaceae). It’s native to Europe and Asia. Blooms May-Aug and grows climbing 3-6 ft. It’s a Common weed in prairies, meadows, savannas, forest edges, fields and roadsides. Tolerates moist to dry soils and partial to full sun exposure.
Bird Vetch is used as a forage crop for cattle, where it gets the name Cow Vetch. Like other plants in the Pea Family, it can fix nitrogen, enriching the soils for use of plants growing around it. It’s also a great source of nectar for bees and butterflies.
Similar plants include: